What Type of Plywood for Roof?
When it comes to constructing or repairing a roof, choosing the right type of plywood is crucial. Plywood is a versatile material that is commonly used in roofing projects due to its strength, durability, and affordability. However, not all plywood is suitable for roofing applications. In this article, we will discuss the different types of plywood that are commonly used for roofs and their characteristics.
1. Exterior Grade Plywood
Exterior grade plywood, also known as CDX plywood, is the most common type of plywood for roofing. It is made with waterproof glue and is designed to withstand exposure to the elements. Exterior grade plywood is typically made from softwood veneers, such as pine or fir, and has a rough, textured surface.
2. Structural Plywood
Structural plywood is a high-strength plywood that is often used in roofing applications. It is made with multiple layers of thin wood veneers that are glued together with moisture-resistant adhesive. Structural plywood is known for its excellent strength and stability, making it ideal for supporting heavy loads on the roof.
3. OSB (Oriented Strand Board)
OSB, or oriented strand board, is another popular choice for roofing. It is made by compressing and gluing together wood strands in alternating directions. OSB is less expensive than plywood and offers good dimensional stability. However, it is not as resistant to moisture as exterior grade plywood.
4. Marine Plywood
Marine plywood is a high-quality plywood that is designed for use in wet environments, such as boats and docks. It is made with waterproof glue and has a higher number of plies compared to regular plywood. While marine plywood is more expensive than other types of plywood, it offers superior resistance to moisture and is highly durable.
5. Fire-Rated Plywood
Fire-rated plywood is specially treated to resist fire and heat. It is often required in areas where fire protection is a concern, such as commercial buildings or multi-family residences. Fire-rated plywood is available in different fire-resistant grades, depending on the level of protection required.
6. T&G (Tongue and Groove) Plywood
T&G plywood has interlocking edges that fit together, creating a strong and seamless joint. It is commonly used for roofs with exposed rafters or as a subflooring material. The tongue and groove design helps to prevent water penetration and provides added strength to the roof structure.
7. Sheathing Plywood
Sheathing plywood is a cost-effective option for roof decking. It is typically made with a combination of hardwood and softwood veneers and is suitable for use in non-exposed areas. Sheathing plywood is commonly used as a base for other roofing materials, such as asphalt shingles or metal roofing.
1. Is plywood the best material for roof decking?
Yes, plywood is often the preferred choice for roof decking due to its strength, durability, and affordability.
2. Can I use regular plywood for roofing?
Regular plywood is not recommended for roofing as it is not designed to withstand exposure to the elements. Exterior grade plywood or other specialized types of plywood should be used instead.
3. How thick should the plywood be for roof decking?
The thickness of the plywood for roof decking depends on the spacing of the rafters. Typically, 1/2-inch or 5/8-inch thick plywood is used for 16-inch on-center rafters, while 3/4-inch thick plywood is used for 24-inch on-center rafters.
4. Can I install plywood directly on the roof rafters?
Yes, plywood can be installed directly on the roof rafters. However, it is recommended to use a layer of roofing felt or synthetic underlayment between the plywood and the roofing material to provide additional protection against moisture.
5. How long does plywood last on a roof?
The lifespan of plywood on a roof depends on various factors, such as the quality of the plywood, climate conditions, and maintenance. On average, plywood can last anywhere from 20 to 40 years if properly installed and maintained.
6. Can I walk on the plywood roof?
Yes, plywood roofs are designed to support the weight of workers during construction or maintenance. However, it is important to distribute the weight evenly and avoid stepping on unsupported areas.
7. Can plywood be used for flat roofs?
Yes, plywood can be used for flat roofs. However, additional layers of waterproofing materials, such as EPDM or TPO membranes, are typically required to ensure proper water drainage and prevent leaks.
In conclusion, choosing the right type of plywood for your roof is essential for its longevity and performance. Exterior grade plywood, structural plywood, OSB, marine plywood, fire-rated plywood, T&G plywood, and sheathing plywood are all common options for roofing applications. Consider the specific requirements of your project and consult with a professional to determine the best type of plywood for your roof.